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Submitted on
September 7, 2004
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The Bref Double

The bref double is a French form. It is similar to the sonnet, but it need not be written in iambic pentameter (it can be in tetrameter, hexameter, or any other meter you prefer). The rhyme scheme is also different from a sonnet. The bref double contains three quatrains (four-line stanzas) followed by a final couplet.


The x standing for a line that doesn’t rhyme with any of the other lines.

An example:

Road Closed...

With crystal rain, the sky is filled
with diamond flakes that swirl and dance
to tunes that they alone may know,
unheeded by the ears of man.

The northern winds play havoc with
mere mortal plans, as drifts now build
their buttresses of pristine white
as if to mark some hidden plan.

This land is decorated, chilled,
and sealed for all to gaze with joy;
see all the children laugh, so thrilled
to witness Mother Nature’s show!

Though my intent lies thwarted, killed,
my smile grows broad at so much snow!

Copyright soulsease 2003

Sources:… and…
The bref double poem, compiled by
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TocTicTocTic Featured By Owner Mar 22, 2009
What makes a Bref Double not a sonnet?
vampirexXxwitch Featured By Owner Mar 31, 2009  Student Traditional Artist
The rhyme scheme of the sonnet is different, and so is the metre.
TocTicTocTic Featured By Owner Mar 31, 2009
I'll keep that in mind. Thank you!
FormFreak Featured By Owner Aug 14, 2006
Great site! However, your definition of the Bref Double is a bit off! Check out [link] for an excellent definition, which I've also confirmed in standard printed texts on poetry forms.

Here's what it says:

It is composed of three quatrains and a couplet, all isosyllabic. It has three rhymes: a, b, and c. It has five lines (x) that are not part of the rhyme scheme. The c rhyme ends each quatrain (here's where it differ, importantly, from what's posted here). The a and b rhymes are found each somewhere within the three quatrains and once in the couplet. Each of the rhymes only occurs three times.

Thus, possible combinations could be:





However, a/x/b/c x/a/x/c a/x/a/b a/b, which is commonly cited, will not work as the third c rhyme is not used and b ends the third quatrain. the a rhymes also occurs 4 times.

I think that someone made an initial error online with the form some time ago and it's simply been propagated ever since.

While you've created a form that’s cool and many seem to like, it is not a traditional Bref Double!
Inallgoodtime Featured By Owner Oct 6, 2005
err... *poetic-forms :)
jeffhoppdotnet Featured By Owner Sep 26, 2005  Professional Traditional Artist
this is interesting. I used to, and still do, get alot of ideas for song lyrics....the concepts I think are pretty good, but when I write them using poetic verse, there always seems something not correct. The meter is wrong or I am breaking some rule that I am not aware of. I would like to learn more about different types of structures....if you have any examples of other forms I would like to see them.
Inallgoodtime Featured By Owner Oct 6, 2005
there's a link to a crap-load of forms on the front page of :devpoeticforms: it's in the journal somewhere. At least it was last time I looked. It's pretty handy.
jeffhoppdotnet Featured By Owner Oct 6, 2005  Professional Traditional Artist
thanks....i will look.
IfrozenspiritI Featured By Owner Jan 28, 2005
Cool, I'm excited to give this a try... :)
ACauseRemains Featured By Owner Dec 8, 2004
I haven't yet thanked anyone for giving the descriptions of the forms....

Thank you.
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